At the end of the year most children should be able to:


Number and Place Value

  • Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and words.
  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens and units).
  • Use place value and number facts to solve problems.
  • Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100 and use <, > and = signs.
  • Count in steps of 2, 3, 5 and 10 forwards and backwards from any number.
  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line.
  • Count on and back in 10’s and 100’s from any 2 or 3 digit number.

Calculations – Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division

  • solve problems with addition and subtraction using concrete objects, pictorial representations and an increasing knowledge of mental and written methods.
  • recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently and derive and use related facts up to 100.
  • add and subtract two-digit numbers and ones to 100 and use to solve problems.
  • add and subtract a two-digit number and tens to 100 and use to solve problems.
  • add and subtract two two-digit numbers to 100 and use to solve problems.
  • add three one digit numbers.
  • find the difference between 2 numbers and use this to solve problems.
  • begin to mentally add and subtract two two-digit numbers.
  • understand that addition can be done in any order and subtraction cannot.
  • recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction.
  • recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers.
  • understand the operation of multiplication as repeated addition and arrays.
  • understand the operation of division as equal grouping.
  • understand that multiplication can be done in any order but division cannot.
  • use the x, ÷ and = symbols in number sentences when calculating mathematical statements and to solve simple problems.


  • understand and find ½, 2/4, ¼, ¾, and 1/3 of a shape or quantity and equivalent fractions.
  • write simple fractions for example, ½ of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2.


  • choose and use appropriate standard measures to measure and compare length, mass, capacity, time and temperature.
  • compare and order length, mass, volume, capacity and record the result using >, <, and =.
  • read relevant scales in divisions of ones, twos, fives and tens.
  • tell and write the time to 15 minutes and quarter past/to the hour.
  • compare and sequence intervals of time.
  • recognise and use symbols for £ and p and combine amounts to make a particular value.
  • Practically solve problems using addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.
  • recognise equivalent amounts of money.
  • know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.

Geometry – Properties of Shape

  • identify and describe regular and irregular 2D and 3D shapes and identify their properties, including right angles, edges, faces, vertices and symmetry.
  • compare and sort 2D and 3D shapes and everyday objects.
  • identify 2D shapes on the surface of 3D shapes.

Geometry – Position and Direction

  • describe position, direction and movement including rotation, quarter, half and three quarter turns, clockwise and anti-clockwise.
  • order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences.


  • construct and interpret pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams, tables and simple graphs.
  • ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity.
  • ask and answer questions about totaling and comparing categorical data.