By the end of the Year 2 most children should:

Working scientifically

  • Ask simple questions and recognise that they can be answered in different ways
  • Observe closely using simple equipment
  • Perform simple tests
  • Identify and classify objects
  • Use their observations to suggest answers to questions
  • Gather and record data to help in answering questions


  • Observe and describe how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants
  • Find out and describe how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy

Animals, including humans

  • Notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults
  • Find out about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air)
  • Describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food, and hygiene

Uses of everyday Materials

  • Identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials, including wood, plastic, metal, glass, brick, rock, paper and cardboard for particular purposes
  • Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching

Living things and their habitats

  • Explore and compare the differences between things that are living, dead and things that have never been alive
  • Identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other
  • Identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including micro-habitats
  • Describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identify and name different sources of food