Content – Year 2

At the end of Year 2 most children should

• be able to locate and name an increasing range of key places on a world map (for example the 7 continents, the 5 oceans, the UK, its characteristics, its four countries, capital cities and its surrounding seas)

• have a developing geographical vocabulary (eg soil, vegetation, climate, port, office, factory)

• be able to relate particular features on a map to the real world through fieldwork or photographs

• be able to find key features on maps of different scales (globes, world maps, atlases, digital/ electronic maps) and begin to recognise some conventional mapping symbols and relate them to real features

• understand that a plan represents a “bird’s eye view”

• be able to draw a simple plan or map using a key, which represents a real or an imaginary place

• make observations and ask their own questions about different places

• compare and contrast their own locality with places further afield

• understand why certain human features may be located where they are (eg a castle or a motorway)

• have a growing awareness of how the physical landscape can affect the way people live

• have a growing awareness of how climate can affect how people live, and how the climate changes (for example seasonal changes as well as global issues relating to climate change)

• be able to observe, record and communicate in different ways (speaking, drawing, measuring, collecting and presenting data, taking photographs and writing or using digital technologies)

• begin to express their own views about an environment

• begin to develop their use of positional and directional language and use it to describe the location of features and routes on a map

• begin to develop a sense of responsibility for their environment and the wider world