At the end of the year most children should be able to:

Number & place value

• Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number.
• Count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; counts in multiples of twos, fives and tens.
• Given a number, identifies one more and one less.
• Identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and uses the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least.
• Read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words.

• Read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (–) and equals (=) signs.
• Represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20.
• Add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero.
• Solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = n – 9.

Multiplication & division

• Solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representation and arrays with the support of the teacher.
• Recall and use doubling and halving facts for numbers up to double 10 and other significant doubles.
• Recognise odd and even numbers to 20.

Fractions

• Recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.
• Recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.

Measurement

• Compare, describe and solve practical problems for lengths and heights.
• Compare, describe and solve practical problems for mass/weight.
• Compare, describe and solve practical problems for capacity and volume.
• Compare, describe and solve practical problems for time.
• Measure and begin to record lengths and heights.
• Measure and begin to record mass/weight.
• Measure and begin to record capacity and volume.
• Measure and begin to record time (hours, minutes, seconds).
• Recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes.
• Sequence events in chronological order using appropriate language.
• Recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years.
• Tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

Geometry – properties of shape

• Recognise and name common 2-D shapes including, eg, rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles.
• Recognise and name common 3-D shapes, eg, cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres.
• Sorts shapes based on simple properties.

Geometry – position & direction

• Describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns.