By the end of Year 2 most children should

• show their developing understanding of chronology by beginning to realise that the past can be divided into different time periods, recognising some of the similarities and differences between these periods and using historical dates and terms
• show understanding of some of the main events and people they have studied

• begin to recognise that there are reasons why people in the past acted as they did
• begin to recognise the different ways in which the past in represented

• be able to detect different versions of the same event

• build up a knowledge of the past using photographs and books and artefacts

• use historical questioning to find out about the past

• recount some aspects of the past beyond living memory and some facts about the main events and people that they have learnt about.

• understand historical events, people and places in their own locality.

• understand the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements.

By the end of the Key Stage some children could

• place events and people into chronological periods of time.