By the end of the Year 1 most children should

Working scientifically

• Ask simple questions and recognise that they can be answered in different ways
• Observe closely using simple equipment
• Perform simple tests
• Identify and classify objects
• Use their observations to suggest answers to questions
• Gather and record data to help in answering questions

Seasonal Change

• Observe changes across the four seasons
• Observe and describe weather associated with the season and how day length varies

Plants

• Identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees
• Identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including trees

Animals, including humans

• Identify and name a variety of common animals including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals
• Identify and name a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores
• Describe and compare the structure of a variety of common animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, including pets)
• Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense

Everyday Materials

• Distinguish between an object and the material from which it is made
• Identify and name a variety of everyday materials, including wood, plastic, glass, metal, water and rock
• Describe the simple physical properties of a variety of everyday materials
• Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of their simple properties.